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Rodriguez, F. &amp; Behling, H. (2010): <b>Late Holocene vegetation, fire, climate and upper forest line dynamics in the Podocarpus National Park, southeastern Ecuador</b>. <i>Vegetation History and Archeobotany</i> <b>--</b>, 14 p.<br>DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-010-0252-4" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-010-0252-4</a>.

Resource Description

Title: Late Holocene vegetation, fire, climate and upper forest line dynamics in the Podocarpus National Park, southeastern Ecuador
FOR816dw ID: 911
Publication Date: 2010-05-19
License and Usage Rights:
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Fernando Rodriguez
Contact:
Individual: Hermann Behling
Contact:
Abstract:
Late Holocene vegetation, fire, climate and upper forest line dynamics were studied based on detailed pollen and charcoal analyses. Two sediment cores, from the Rabadilla de Vaca mire (RVM) and the Valle Pequen˜o bog (VP), with an age of about 2100 and 1630 cal yrs B.P., respectively, were taken at the modern upper forest line in the Parque Nacional Podocarpus (Podocarpus National Park) in southeastern Ecuador. The two pollen records reflect relatively stable vegetation with slight changes in floral composition during the recorded period. Changes of the proportion between subpa´ramo and pa´ramo vegetation are related to lower and higher frequency of fires. The RVM records show that the upper forest line moved to a higher elevation between 1630 and 880 cal yrs B.P., stabilising after 310 cal yrs B.P. Human impact is suggested by a high fire frequency, mainly between 1800–1600 and 880– 310 cal yrs B.P. The VP records indicate no marked changes in the upper forest line. The charcoal records suggest an increased human impact from 230 cal yrs B.P. to the present. The results indicate that high fire frequency is an important factor in reducing the expansion of subpa´ramo vegetation and upper montane rainforest and in favouring the distribution of grass pa´ramo. Since there is a clear correlation between fire and vegetation dynamics, it is difficult to detect how far climate change also played a significant role in upper forest line changes during the late Holocene.
Keywords:
| Ecuador | palynology | climate change | fire history | upper forest line | late holocene |
Literature type specific fields:
ARTICLE
Journal: Vegetation History and Archeobotany
Volume: --
Page Range: 14 p.
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Bernhard Runzheimer
Contact:
Online Distribution:
Download File: http://www.lcrs.de/publications.do?citid=911


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