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Leutner, B. (2008): <b>Bestimmung der Mualem-van-Genuchten Parameter der organischen Auflage eines Prim&auml;rwaldstandortes im andinen S&uuml;d-Ecuador mittels inverser Modellierung</b> Department of Soil Physics, University of Bayreuth, <i>bachelor thesis</i>

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Title: Bestimmung der Mualem-van-Genuchten Parameter der organischen Auflage eines Primärwaldstandortes im andinen Süd-Ecuador mittels inverser Modellierung
Short Name: Inverse Modellierung
FOR816dw ID: 509
Publication Date: 2008-10-01
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Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Benjamin Leutner
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Abstract:
The organic layer of evergreen tropical mountain forests plays a constitutive role concerning the water balance in these ecosystems. Knowledge of the hydraulic conductivity function and the water<br/> retention function permits the description of this water balance by application of the Richards equation (Richards, 1931) for liquid flow in unsaturated porous media. For this purpose ten samples of<br/> the organic layer, taken in a mature tropical mountain forest in South Ecuador, were collected and treated in laboratory multi-step irrigation experiments. By applying inverse modelling techniques on the observed drainage data, the soil hydraulic Mualem-van-Genuchten parameters were derived, using three different model approaches (van Genuchten, 1980; Durner et al., 1999; ?im&#367;nek et al., 2003). Calculations of the Richards equation based on these parametersets were congruent with the observed drainage hydrographs. The estimated parameters showed only low variation in case of the<br/> Mualem-van-Genuchten model (van Genuchten, 1980), whereas for the two dual-porosity models (Durner et al., 1999; ?im&#367;nek et al., 2003) some parameters scattered considerably. Problems concerning<br/> nonunique solutions were assessed by dint of response-surface analysis as well as a sensitivity study of variations in the initial parametersets. It became clear that the observed drainage hydrograph may be explained by multiple different parametersets. Thus, a physical interpretation of the optimized parameters must be neglected. Simulations run both on optimized parametersets and<br/> parametersets averaged over all samples were cross-validated against alternative irrigation experiments. Each model was able to predict the observed drainage hydrograph well. Shifts with increasing<br/> irrigation rates were problematic, which can be explained by hysteresis effects. In this range best predictions were achieved by the dual-porosity model proposed by ?im&#367;nek et al. (2003). However, this model lacks accuracy in regions of high irrigation rates and large steps between irrigation rates, where the other models presented in this work perform better. For the purpose of simulating water flow at this site it is proposed to use the averaged parameterset of the Mualem van Genuchten model, since it is distinguished by an acceptable simulation power but low parametrization.
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THESIS
Degree: bachelor
Degree Institution: Department of Soil Physics, University of Bayreuth
Total Pages: 49
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Bernd Huwe
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Download File: http://www.lcrs.de/publications.do?citid=509


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