Cite as:
Wolf, K.; Veldkamp, E.; Homeier, J. &amp; Martinson, G. (2011): <b>Nitrogen availability links forest productivity, soil nitrous oxide and nitric oxide fluxes of a tropical montane forest in southern Ecuador</b>. <i>Global Biochmical Cycles</i> <b>25</b>, 12.

Resource Description

Title: Nitrogen availability links forest productivity, soil nitrous oxide and nitric oxide fluxes of a tropical montane forest in southern Ecuador
Short Name: N2O&NO flux of tropical montane forests
FOR816dw ID: 1052
Publication Date: 2011-12-07
License and Usage Rights:
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Katrin Wolf
Individual: Edzo Veldkamp
Individual: Jürgen Homeier
Individual: Guntars Martinson
Tropical forests are important sources of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) and of nitric oxide (NO), a precursor of ozone. In tropical montane forests nitrogen limitation is common which affects both soil N2O and NO fluxes and forest productivity. Here we present evidence that forest productivity and N-oxide (N2O + NO) fluxes are linked through N availability along elevation and topographic gradients in tropical montane forests. We measured N-oxide fluxes, several indices of N availability, and forest productivity along an elevation gradient from 1000 m to 3000 m and along topographic gradients. Organic layer thickness of the soils increased and N availability decreased with increasing elevation and along the topographic gradient from the lower slope position to the ridges. Annual N2O fluxes ranged from -0.53 µg(N)m-2h-1 to 14.54 µg(N)m-2h-1 while NO fluxes ranged from -0.02 µg(N)m-2h-1 to 1.13 µg(N)m-2h-1. Both N-oxide fluxes and forest productivity increased with increasing N availability and showed close positive correlations with indices of N availability (C/N ratio and &#61540; 15N signature of litterfall). We interpret the close correlations of N-oxide fluxes with total litterfall and tree basal area increment as evidence that N availability links N-oxide fluxes and forest productivity. This opens the possibility to include forest productivity as co-variable in predictions of N-oxide fluxes in nitrogen limited tropical montane forests. Especially increment of tree basal area was a promising proxy to predict soil N-oxide fluxes in these N limited ecosystems, possibly because it better reflects long-term forest productivity than total litterfall.
| nitrogen | soil N availability | element fluxes |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Global Biochmical Cycles
Volume: 25
Page Range: 12
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Ruetger Rollenbeck
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