Cite as:
Homeier, J. &amp; Leuschner, C. (2021): <b>Factors controlling the productivity of tropical Andean forests: climate and soil are more important than tree diversity</b>. <i>Biogeosciences</i> <b>18</b>(4), 1524-1541.

Resource Description

Title: Factors controlling the productivity of tropical Andean forests: climate and soil are more important than tree diversity
FOR816dw ID: 1919
Publication Date: 2021-03-03
License and Usage Rights:
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Jürgen Homeier
Individual: Christoph Leuschner
Theory predicts positive effects of species richness on the productivity of plant communities through complementary resource use and facilitative interactions between species. Results from manipulative experiments with tropical tree species indicate a positive diversity–productivity relationship (DPR), but the existing evidence from natural forests<br/> is scarce and contradictory. We studied forest aboveground productivity in more than 80 humid tropical montane oldgrowth forests in two highly diverse Andean regions with large geological and topographic heterogeneity and related productivity to tree diversity and climatic, edaphic and stand<br/> structural factors with a likely influence on productivity. Main determinants of wood production in the perhumid study regions were elevation (as a proxy for temperature), soil nutrient (N, P and base cation) availability and forest structural parameters (wood specific gravity, aboveground biomass). Tree diversity had only a small positive influence on productivity, even though tree species numbers varied largely (6–27 species per 0.04 ha). We conclude that the productivity of highly diverse Neotropical montane forests is primarily controlled by thermal and edaphic factors and stand structural properties, while tree diversity is of minor importance.
| soil nutrients | wood production | tropical montane forest | elevational gradient | Aboveground forest productivity |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Biogeosciences
Volume: 18
Issue: 4
Page Range: 1524-1541
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Jürgen Homeier
Online Distribution:
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