Bahr, E.; Chamba Zaragocin, D. & Makeschin, F. (2014): <b>Soil nutrient stock dynamics and land-use management of annuals,perennials and pastures after slash-and-burn in the SouthernEcuadorian Andes</b>. <i>Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment</i> <b>188</b>(0), 275-288.
Soil nutrient stock dynamics and land-use management of annuals,perennials and pastures after slash-and-burn in the SouthernEcuadorian Andes
License and Usage Rights:
PAK 823-825 data user agreement. (www.tropicalmountainforest.org/dataagreementp3.do)
makeschin <at> t-online.de
Pienner Str. 19
Dresden University of Technology
Faculty of Forest, Geo and Hydro Sciences
Institute of Soil Science and Site Ecology
Quantification of nutrient stocks and their temporal changes are considered of prime importance in farm-ing systems of the humid tropics to answer the question of sustainable management. The research areain the Southern Ecuadorian Andes included forest, annual (0–5 years old) and different aged perennial(0–5, 6–10, 11–20, 21–30) and pasture (0–5, 6–10, 11–20, 21–30, >30) sites. Soil organic carbon (SOC),total and plant available soil nutrient stocks and nutrient balances were investigated to assess temporalsoil nutrient dynamics in relation to management activities. Forest conversion by slash-and-burn caused a decrease in SOC stocks in all three land-uses amounting between 14% and 19%. This was mainly due tothe absence of an organic layer and losses in the upper five cm of the mineral soil. Stocks of exchangeablebases and pH values increased in annuals which however, had the most negative nutrient balance of allland-uses amounting to ?128, ?25 and ?226 kg ha?1 a?1 for N, P and K, respectively. The abandonmentof annual sites after five years was linked to a shortage of available N and P due to low-external-input management which caused SOC stock decreases. Major soil nutrient changes in perennials and pasturesdid not occur directly but 6–20 years after forest conversion with increases in stocks for total N, P, S and exchangeable bases above forest level. SOC stocks of medium aged perennials and pastures increased above forest level in the mineral soil. Easily available inorganic N and P stocks remained low throughout the chronosequence in perennials and pastures, indicating a quick uptake by plant roots and microor-ganisms. Compared to medium aged sites, oldest perennials and pastures showed a strong decrease in SOC (?28% and ?16%) and soil nutrient stocks. Stocks for total N, P, S and exchangeable bases were up to50% below those of medium aged sites in oldest perennials and pastures.