A - Group A
A1 - Changes of water and carbon fluxes in mountain wet and dry forests under environmental changes - observations, area-wide remote sensing and LSMAtmo.
A3 - Nutrient supply as driver of biomass production and associated ecosystem water fluxes along a land-use and climate gradient
A4 - Plant functional trait diversity, biotic interactions and ecosystem processes in nutrient- versus water-limited tropical mountain forests.
A5 - Innovative scenarios of land-use change - simulating shifts in land allocation under climate change at landscape and ecosystem scales.
B - Group B
B1 - Linking tree above- and belowground traits across gradients of elevation and climate in highly diverse tropical montane forests.
B2 - Tree physiological and structural properties as response and effect traits of biotic-atmospheric interactions in natural and anthropogenic eco-systems in South Ecuador.
B3 - Trait-dependent effects of abiotic and biotic filters on plant regeneration in mountain dry forest and mountain rain forest.
B4 - How abiotic drivers and trait diversity shape herbivory and other biotic processes with consequences for ecosystem functions across mountain ecosystems.