Cite as:
Moser, G.; Gorenflo, A.; Brenzinger, K.; Keidel, L.; Braker, G.; Marhan, S.; Clough, T.J. &amp; M&uuml;ller, C. (2018): <b>Explaining the doubling of N2O emissions under elevated CO2 in the Giessen FACE via in-field 15N tracing</b>. <i>Global Change Biology</i> <b>early view</b>, 1-14<br>DOI: <a href=" | Revised: 12 January 2018" target="_blank"> | Revised: 12 January 2018</a>.

Resource Description

Title: Explaining the doubling of N2O emissions under elevated CO2 in the Giessen FACE via in-field 15N tracing
F2Fdw ID: 125
Publication Date: 2018-04-17
License and Usage Rights: FACE2FACE data user agreement.
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Moser, Gerald
Individual: Gorenflo, André
Individual: Brenzinger, Kristof
Individual: Keidel, Lisa
Individual: Braker, Gesche
Individual: Marhan, Sven
Individual: Clough, Timothy J.
Individual: Müller, Christoph
Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations are expected to increase nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soils via changes in microbial nitrogen (N) transformations triggering a positive feedback reaction that could accelerate climate change. Several studies have shown N2O emission increases under elevated atmospheric CO2 (eCO2), but the underlying processes are not yet fully understood. Here we present results showing changes in soil N transformation dynamics from the Giessen Free Air CO2 Enrichment (GiFACE): a permanent grassland that has been exposed to eCO2, +20% relative to ambient concentrations (aCO2), for 15 years. We applied in the field an ammonium-nitrate fertilizer solution, in which either ammonium (NH4+) or nitrate (NO3-) was labelled with 15N. The simultaneous gross N transformation rates were analysed with a 15N tracing model and a solver method. The results confirmed that after 15 years of eCO2 the N2O emissions under eCO2 were still more than 2-fold higher than under aCO2. The tracing model results indicated that plant uptake of NH4+ did not differ between treatments, but uptake of NO3- was significantly reduced under eCO2. However, the ratio of gross production and consumption of NH4+ remained unchanged under eCO2, but decreased slightly for NO3-, which increased NO3- availability under eCO2. The N2O isotopic signature indicated that under eCO2 the sources of the additional emissions, 8407 µg N2O-N m-2 during the first 58 days after labelling, were associated with NO3- reduction (+2.0%), NH4+ oxidation (+11.1%) and organic N oxidation (+86.9%). We presume that increased root exudation under eCO2 provided an additional source of bioavailable supply of energy that triggered the stimulation of microbial soil organic matter (SOM) mineralization, as a priming effect, and an increased activity of bacterial nitrite reductase, which caused the shift in N2O:N2 emission ratio, via incomplete denitrification, explaining the positive feedback reaction of doubled N2O emissions.
| climate change | elevated CO2 | grassland | Giessen-FACE | Giessen FACE | Gi-FACE | Gross N transformation | free air carbon dioxide enrichment | long-term response | N transformation | N2O emission | positive climate change feedback |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Global Change Biology
Volume: early view
Page Range: 1-14
Publisher: Wiley
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Moser, Gerald
Online Distribution:
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