Cite as:
Kellner, J.; Multsch, S.; Kraft, P.; Houska, T.; Breuer, L. &amp; M&uuml;ller, C. (2017): <b>A coupled hydrological-plant growth model for simulating the effect of elevated CO2 on a temperate grassland</b>. <i>Agricultural and Forest Meteorology</i> <b>246</b>, 42-50<br>DOI: <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.

Resource Description

Title: A coupled hydrological-plant growth model for simulating the effect of elevated CO2 on a temperate grassland
F2Fdw ID: 92
Publication Date: 2017-11-15
License and Usage Rights: FACE2FACE data user agreement.
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Kellner, Juliane
Individual: Multsch, Sebastian
Individual: Kraft, Philipp
Individual: Houska, Tobias
Individual: Breuer, Lutz
Individual: Müller, Christoph
Elevated CO2 (eCO2) reduces transpiration at the leaf level by inducing stomatal closure. However, this water saving effect might be offset at the canopy level by increased leaf area as a consequence of eCO2 fertilization. To investigate this bi-directional effect, we coupled a plant growth and a soil hydrological model. The model performance and the uncertainty in model parameters were checked using a 13 year data set of a Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment (FACE) experiment on grassland in Germany. We found a good agreement of simulated and observed data for soil moisture and total above-ground dry biomass (TAB) under ambient CO2 (?395 ppm) and eCO2 (?480 ppm). Optima for soil and plant growth model parameters were identified, which can be used in future studies. Our study presents a robust modelling approach for the investigation of effects of eCO2 on grassland biomass and water dynamics. We show an offset of the stomatal water saving effect at the canopy level because of a significant increase in TAB (6.5%, p < 0.001) leading to an increase in transpiration by +3.0 ± 6.0 mm, though insignificant (p = 0.1). However, the increased water loss through transpiration was counteracted by a significant decrease in soil evaporation (?2.1 ± 1.7 mm, p < 0.01) as a consequence of higher TAB. Hence, evapotranspiration was not affected by the increased eCO2 (+0.9 ± 4.9 mm, p = 0.5). This in turn led to a significantly better performance of the water use efficiency by 5.2% (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that mown, temperate grasslands can benefit from an increasing biomass production while maintaining water consumption at the +20% increase of eCO2 studied.
| biomass | water use efficiency | FACE | soil moisture | uncertainty analysis | GLUE |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume: 246
Page Range: 42-50
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0168-1923
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Liebermann, Ralf
Online Distribution:
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