Cite as:
Chen, Z.; Ding, W.; Xu, Y.; M&uuml;ller, C.; Yu, H. &amp; Fan, J. (2016): <b>Increased N2O emissions during soil drying after waterlogging and spring thaw in a record wet year</b>. <i>Soil Biology &amp; Biochemistry</i> <b>101</b>, 152-164<br>DOI: <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.

Resource Description

Title: Increased N2O emissions during soil drying after waterlogging and spring thaw in a record wet year
F2Fdw ID: 54
Publication Date: 2016-07-17
License and Usage Rights: FACE2FACE data user agreement.
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Chen, Zengming
Individual: Ding, Weixin
Individual: Xu, Yehong
Individual: Müller, Christoph
Individual: Yu, Hongyan
Individual: Fan, Jianling
Global climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation events, which can dramatically alter soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. However, our ability to predict this effect is limited due to the lack of studies under real-world conditions. We conducted a ?eld experiment in a maize-cultivated black soil in northeast China with six treatments: control without nitrogen (N) application (CK) and N-fertilized treatments with the ratio of urea N to manure N at 100:0 (NPK), 75:25 (OM1), 50:50 (OM2), 25:75 (OM3) and 0:100 (OM4). The experimentalyear was the wettest on record with an extreme rainfall event of 178 mm occurring in summer 2013. Annual N2O emissions from CK and NPK were increased by 168% and 171%, respectively, relative to normal wet years. Extreme rainfall saturated soils, resulted in low N2O ?uxes (<20 mgNm2 h1) lasting for 25 d. However, N2O ?ux peaked (169e264 mgNm 2 h1) in all treatments as the soil dried. Total N2O emissions were 0.43 e0.74 kg N ha1 over the drying period, accounting for 47.5e51.2% of the annual budget. High N2O ?uxes occurred when the ratio of soil nitrate (NO3 ) to dissolved organic carbon was 0.07e0.10 mg N mg1 C, NO3 concentration was >3 mg N kg 1 and water-?lled pore space was 67e76%. Distinctly higher N2O ?uxes were also identi?ed during the spring thaw period, accumulating to 20.1e49.4% of the nongrowing season emissions. Emissions upon thawing were likely related to denitri?cation induced by high moisture conditions as a result of lag effect of the extreme rainfall. Annual N2O emissions progressively reduced as the ratio of urea N:manure N shifted towards manure, which was also the case during soil drying after waterlogging. Total N2O emissions were reduced by 25.6% for OM4 than NPK. Overall, our results suggest that soil N2O emissions were increased in the record wet year but a shift from urea towards manure with more N applied as starter N can minimize the N2O losses.
| climate change | Extreme rainfall | Manure application | Nitrous oxide | Soil drying | Spring thaw |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Soil Biology & Biochemistry
Volume: 101
Page Range: 152-164
Publisher: Elsevier
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Yuan, Naiming
Online Distribution:
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